This Social Assessment (SA) has been done with respect to the proposed Kenya Social and Economic Inclusion Project (KSEIP) to be financed by the World Bank. Some elements of the project are national while others are in specific counties. Since the proposed project interventions will be implemented in areas where Indigenous Peoples (IPs), known in Kenya as Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups (VMGs), are present, the World Bank (WB) safeguard policy OP/BP 4.10 has been triggered and this social assessment was required, as part of project preparation.
The KSEIP project is likely to have positive impacts at the individual, community and national levels. At the national level, the project activities are expected to lead to a more robust social protection (SP) delivery system, including a more coherent and expanded system of beneficiary targeting beyond the cash transfer programs, thereby increasing inclusion of the poor and vulnerable; enhanced Grievance and Case Management (G&CM) system to cater for the new KSEIP activities which will improve citizen engagement in the SP sector, strengthen payment mechanisms to ensure more flexibility and choice in cash transfers, and improve program management through ongoing monitoring and evaluation and capacity building. At the individual and community levels, benefits entail new integrated SP services for the poor and vulnerable, including investments in nutrition sensitive safety net services through cash top ups and nutrition counseling, testing various models of economic inclusion activities to determine the optimal approach for the Kenyan context, expanded coverage of universal health care through linkages with the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) registration for existing National Safety Net Program (NSNP) cash transfer beneficiaries, and expansion of regular cash transfers in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) experiencing high levels of poverty, as well as emergency cash transfers during times of natural disaster particularly droughts.
Objective of the Social Assessment
The objective of the SA is to develop an understanding of the socio-economic and cultural characteristics of the VMGs in the selected project areas to inform the design of KSEIP project, so it is responsive to their social development needs. The SA shall inform the process of incorporating the principles of the World Bank’s OP4.10 into the different project interventions, as relevant.